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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 130-132

Infant viral exanthem: Simple sneezes or measles?

1 Department of Pediatrics, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Idukki, Kerala, India
3 Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bharat Pillai
Department of Pediatrics, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, 4C, Vijaya Glimpses Apartments, Jawahar Nagar, Kadavanthra, Kochi, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AMJM.AMJM_22_20

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Measles is a highly infectious viral exanthema very rarely seen in children under 9 months, as well as adults. We describe a case of measles in a 29-day old infant who presented with fever, rash and pneumonia. Treatment commenced with IV antibiotics, IVIG and oral Vitamin A following admission to the ICU. The mother had a similar illness prior to the onset of symptoms in the baby. She had not received MCV as per schedule. The infant and mother recovered fully without any complications. We conclude that administering one dose of MCV to a woman who has not taken at least two doses of MCV- at least three months prior to conception may help in preventing measles in the infant in first nine months of life.

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